This week in Christian history: Third Crusade, Indian missionary baptized

Treaty of Jaffa signed – Sept. 2, 1192

Richard the Lionheart
English King Richard I (1157-1199), commonly known as Richard the Lionheart for his extensive military career, which included helping to lead the Third Crusade. |

This week marks the signing of the Treaty of Jaffa between rivals King Richard the Lionheart and Saladin (also known as Salah ad-Din), effectively ending the Third Crusade.

The treaty was named after a town located 40 miles from Jerusalem, where, earlier that year, King Richard’s Christian army successfully held off Saladin’s Muslim forces.

The battle had involved a siege of Jaffa, then controlled by the Crusaders, with Richard personally leading the successful relief effort against Saladin's forces. 

“The epic week-long struggle for Jaffa fittingly proved to be the final battle of the Third Crusade, as both sides were now utterly exhausted,” wrote Alex Zakrzewski of

“[T]he arch-rivals finally agreed to the Treaty of Jaffa, a three-year truce that left much of the coastline in Crusader hands but Jerusalem firmly in Saladin’s. One month later Richard the Lionheart left the Holy Land, never to return.”

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